Comparison between Windows, MacOS and Linux

Windows (file system NTFS) looks:

C:\  [Hard drive]

├ System 

├ System32

├ Program Files

├ Program Files (x86)

└ <additional folders>


D:\ [CD-ROM]

├ Books

└ Videos


E:\ [USB thumb drive]

└ Transfer

MacOS (HFS+) looks:

/ (the top most directory, called the root directory) [Hard drive]

├ applications (Applications for user home )

├ developer (The feveloper directory)

├ library (Shared libraries)

├ network (Network related devices, servers, libraries)

├ lib (System libraries)

├ system (System related files, libraries, preferences)

├ Users (All user accounts on the machine as like /home in Linux)

├ sbin (System binaries)

├ dev (Data serviced by system)

├ tmp (Temporary files)

├ usr (User Programs)

├ var (Variable files)

├ root (Home directories for root user)

├ etc ( Machine local system configuration, holds administrative) 

└ Volumes (Removable devices) 

   └ <your user name>

       ├ cdrom  [CD-ROM]

       │  ├ Books

       │  └ Videos

       └ USB_drive [USB thumb drive]

           └ Transfer

A typical Linux system ( main file systems: Ext2/Ext3/Ext4 )looks:

/ (the top most directory, called the root directory) [Hard drive]

├ bin (User binaries)

├ boot (Boot loader)

├ etc (Configuration files)

├ home (User home directories)

├ lib (System libraries)

├ mnt (Temporarily mounted file systems)

├ opt (Application)

├ sbin (System binaries)

├ srv (Data serviced by system)

├ tmp (Temporary files)

├ usr (User Programs)

├ var (Variable files)

├ root (Home directories for root user)

├ <additional directories>

└ media (Removable devices) 

   └ <your user name>

       ├ cdrom  [CD-ROM]

       │  ├ Books

       │  └ Videos

       └ USB_drive [USB thumb drive]

           └ Transfer

Read more about list of default file systems at Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_default_file_systems

Applications at three operative systems:

Windows/Mac Linux
Word, Pages (word processing) OpenOffice/LibreOffice Writer, Calligra Words, AbiWord(word processing)
Excel (spreadsheet) OpenOffice/LibreOffce Calc, Calligra Sheets, Gnumeric (spreadsheet)
PowerPoint (presentation) OpenOffice/LibreOffce Impress, Calligra Stage(presentation)
Outlook, Mail (email) Thunderbird, Kmail, Evolution, Geary, Mailspring, Mutt (email)
Photoshop (photo editing) GIMP, Krita, digiKam, Fotoxx  (photo editing)
Internet Explorer, Safari (web browser) Firefox, Chrome, Chromium, Opera, Konqueror, Midori, Lynx (web browser)
Notepad (text editing) Gedit, Atom, Kate, Kwrite, Scratch, xed, Vim, emacs, Nano (text editing)
Spotify, Windows Media Player, iTunes (music) Banshee, Spotify, Clementine, Audacious, Rhythmbox, Amarok (music)
VLC, KMlayer (video) VLC, MPlayer (video)

 

Allowed characters in filename

  • Windowz (FAT32, NTFS): Any Unicode except NUL\/:*"<>|
  • Mac(HFS, HFS+): Any valid Unicode except : or /
  • Linux(ext[2-4]): Any byte except NUL

Windows, MacOS and Linux command line:

 

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